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Daesh loses big part of enclave, SDF sees defeat ‘very soon’

DEIR EZZOR PROVINCE, Syria — US-backed Syrian forces said they were close to defeating Daesh in its final scrap of territory at Baghouz in eastern Syria after seizing an encampment from the jihadists on Tuesday, though the battle was not over yet.

Hardened militant fighters holed up in the encampment had been mounting a last-stand defence of the Baghouz enclave, all that is left of Daesh’s self-proclaimed “caliphate” that once spanned a third of both Syria and Iraq.

“This is not a victory announcement, but a significant progress in the fight against Daesh,” said Mustafa Bali, a media official with the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) on Twitter, using an Arabic acronym for Islamic State.

Bali said late on Tuesday clashes were ongoing and that fighters remain “in several pockets and their presence is not limited to a defined geography”. 

The SDF captured hundreds of wounded militants when it overran the camp on Tuesday, Bali said. It also captured 157 mostly foreign fighters.

Asked by Reuters how long it would take to defeat the remaining extremists, Bali said he expected the operation to end “very soon”. Some remaining militants had fallen back to the bank of the nearby Euphrates River, he said.

“The battles are not yet over,” he said. “Some of the terrorists have taken their children as human shields. There are intermittent clashes.” 

Daesh’s fighters and followers have been steadily forced back to Baghouz after years of retreats in the face of military campaigns by an array of foreign and local forces.

The group’s defeat at Baghouz will mark a milestone in the struggle against the militants, although adherents are still widely seen as a big security threat with a presence in remote territory and capable of mounting guerrilla attacks.

The capture of Baghouz will also mark a significant moment in the wider Syrian war, wiping out the foothold of one of the main combatants and leaving Syria partitioned between President Bashar Assad, Kurdish-led forces, and Turkey-backed rebels.

Diehard extremists have been mounting a desperate defence of the camp at Baghouz, deploying suicide bombers and car bombs.

Over the past two months, more than 60,000 people have poured out of the dwindling enclave, nearly half of whom surrendered as Daesh supporters, including some 5,000 fighters, according to the SDF. 

Even facing defeat, Daesh’s propaganda machine still functions. An audio recording released overnight purported to carry a message from spokesman Abi Al Hassan Al Muhajer saying the group would stay strong and urged fresh attacks.

It has also put out a video from inside the Baghouz camp, showing bearded fighters among bullet-pocked cars and lying on earth ramparts as they fired assault rifles. The scarred landscape around them was littered with vehicles, makeshift shelters and debris and shaded by clouds of billowing smoke. 

Against this scene, a man with a scarf wrapped around his head stood to declaim a message of defiance, a small group of women and toddlers to one side of him. 

“The crusaders have forced us from our homes and burned us, may God exact the same from them… O Muslim brothers everywhere, we have done our duty,” he said.

Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi of neighbouring Iraq said images showed Daesh had built tunnels in Baghouz big enough for vehicles. “The advance is slow and the battle could take days to finish,” he told a press conference in Baghdad.

Risk of resurgence 

The US military has warned that Daesh may still count tens of thousands of fighters, dispersed throughout Iraq and Syria, with enough leaders and resources to present a menacing insurgency.

The Pentagon’s own internal watchdog released a report last month saying Daesh remained an active insurgent group and was regenerating functions and capabilities more quickly in Iraq than in Syria.

“Absent sustained [counterterrorism] pressure, ISIS could likely resurge in Syria within six to 12 months and regain limited territory,” the report said, using another acronym for the group.

US officials said US-backed forces had captured fighters tied to a January suicide bombing at a cafe in Syria that killed four Americans. The attack in the city of Manbij was the worst single incident involving US personnel in Syria since they deployed on the ground there in 2015.

It occurred nearly a month after President Donald Trump confounded his own national security team and allies with a surprise decision to withdraw all 2,000 US troops from Syria, declaring Daesh had been defeated there. 

Washington has now partially reversed Trump’s decision, planning to leave 200 peacekeepers in SDF-held territory.

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